How to treat mice in your home
If mice are a problem for you every year, or if you see droppings every now and then around your home, it's important to understand some information about mice in pest control and how they can cause more damage than you might think.
What mice look like
The usual house mouse measures nearly 3 inches and weighs less than an ounce. The mice lived for up to six years; however, most have a life expectancy of less than one. They produce young all year round with an average litter of six litters every 50 days. Two mice can become a major problem in just a few months. Additionally, mice can:
Run 30 feet straight on a boulder wall
Jump 12 inches high
Jump eight feet without injury
Squeeze through a dime-sized opening
Thrive in temperatures not exceeding 14 degrees F.
Signs of a mouse infestation
While visual evidence of a mouse (alive or dead) is the most obvious sign that you have a mouse problem, there are other ways to tell if your home is having unwanted visitors. These signs include:
Feces: Fecal granules are often left in places where food is stored, such as kitchens, cupboards or pantries, as well as under sinks, inside cardboard boxes and along baseboards.
Gnaw Marks: Rodents can chew on almost any type of material, including plastic and lead pipes, to obtain food or water. House mice and brown rats have also been known to chew on wires behind walls, which increases the risk of a home fire.
Nest: Rodents prefer to nest in dark and isolated places where there is little risk of disturbance. House mice like to build nests with items such as shredded paper products, cotton, wall insulation, and fabrics.
Tracks or scuff marks: Rats tend to leave traces of dark grease or dirt on their oily fur along walls and floors when following a path throughout the house between their nest and their food.
unusual noises: noises: Hearing unusual noises in the wall, especially at night, can be a bit disturbing. There is a good chance that these sounds are attributed to a family of rodents scurrying around the house, between walls and in attics. Rodents like dark, secluded places to build nests.
Problems that mice can cause
Although mice seem harmless enough, they do create a number of problems. A mouse feeds 15 to 20 times a day, consuming five to ten times its body weight in a single month, creating nearly 1,400 fecal feces. Mice are known to:
Damage both dry goods and stored food
Crop phone and security alarm wires
Cause odor problems from urine-soaked nests in the walls
Carry fleas, mites and other parasites
Contribute to asthma in children
Carry various bacterial and viral diseases
In addition to the annoyance of hearing mice crawling inside walls and attics, a number of medical illnesses have been caused by contamination from mice, their fecal feces and urine. Salmonella food poisoning, infectious jaundice, rickettsiovirus, meningitis, tapeworm, hantavirus, asthma, and a number of other illnesses can all be associated with mice.
Mouse vs. Rats
Rats are several times the size of mice. A mouse is only a few inches long, plus a few inches of a tail. On the other hand, brown rats and black rats (the most common type of rat to invade homes) are well over a foot long, plus the length of the tail. Therefore, their droppings are of different sizes. Mouse droppings are ⅛ to ¼ inch long, while rats produce droppings that are about ½ to ¾ of an inch long. Besides being of different sizes, droppings also come in different colors and shapes. Mouse dirt are little and smooth, while rat droppings are black and shiny. Mice also have small teeth, so their bit marks look like scratches - rats have large teeth and leave large tooth marks.
How can I get rid of mice?
Mice are both nocturnal and crepuscular - they are active at night, as well as at dawn and dusk. Because they move in the dark, their eyesight is not very good. If you eliminate their food source, you will help reduce your mouse problem. Keeping your home clean and tidy will go a long way in reducing hiding areas and food sources. Scented deterrents are particularly useful for controlling mice.
Contact your pest control services rodent exterminator
It is necessary to treat both exterior and interior areas in mouse control programs. Professional outdoor feeding stations are often required to eliminate mouse activity outside of a structure. Rodent should be used sensible inside a structure to avoid accidental contact with children and pets. Multi-catch mouse traps and pressure traps are effective when properly placed along mouse tracks. Internal services typically require initial treatment with one to three follow-up visits depending on the problem.